Onion, Wild

Information on Wild Onion

Common Name: Wild Onion
Scientific Name: Allium vineale
Irish Name: Gairleog Mhuire
Family Group: Amaryllidaceae
Distribution: View Map (Courtesy of the BSBI)
Flowering Period


Click for list of all flowering by month
Wild Onion is not easily confused with other wild plants on this web site.


Wild Onion - also known as Crow Garlic - grows to a height of 60cm. It bears small 2-4mm across flowers which are pink or green-white, wide bell-shaped, have protruding stamens and are on 1-2cm long stalks arising from round clusters of bulbils. These clusters are protected by a papery bract initially. The bulbils detach, falling to the ground and becoming new plants. The clusters are borne on round, stiff, smooth, often blotched stems. Leaves are grey-green, narrow, half-cylindrical and hollow. Crow Garlic prefers dry grassland, disturbed ground and hedgerows. It is a native perennial, occasional in East, South East and South West. It belongs to the Daffodil or Amaryllidaceae family. 

I found and photographed Crow Garlic on the North Bull Island, Co Dublin and around Killiney Bay, also in Co Dublin, in 2012.

If you are satisfied you have correctly identified this plant, please submit your sighting to the National Biodiversity Data Centre

Onion, Wild
Onion, Wild