Information on Broom

Common Name: Broom
Scientific Name: Cytisus scoparius
Irish Name: Giolcach shléibhe
Family Group: Fabaceae
Distribution: View Map (Courtesy of the BSBI)
Flowering Period


Click for list of all flowering by month
Broom is not easily confused with other wild plants on this web site.


During the months of May and June, this deciduous shrub announces the arrival of summer by producing golden, almond-scented spikes of peaflowers on wiry branches all over Ireland.  Not unlike the more familiar Gorse, Broom is however without spines.  The bright yellow 25mm long flowers are sometimes marked with red. After pollination the stamens protrude from between the upper part of the flower and the keel, which is the lower part.  The leaves are lanceolate and trefoil on long, five-angled wiry stems.  The fruit is a flattened, oblong pod which turns black when it's ripe and bursts on warm, sunny days.  This is a native plant belonging to the family Fabiaceae.

I was first introduced to this wonderful shrub in the 1950's in Glenmalure in Co Wicklow and I photographed it in 2006 at Trooperstown, Co Wicklow. 

If you are satisfied you have correctly identified this plant, please submit your sighting to the National Biodiversity Data Centre

Broom
Broom

17th century apothecary Nicholas Culpeper wrote that Common Broom was 'good in dropsies'.   

In Normandy, the story is that sprigs of Broom were worn in the headwear of Geoffrey d'Anjou, the father of the first Plantagenet king of England, King Henry II.  The Broom plant was known in Latin as 'planta genista' at that time and therefore the house of King Henry II became 'Plantagenet'